Interactions between Great Lakes level change, Tectonics and Volcanism in the Rungwe Volcanic Province, SW Highlands of Tanzania
Earth and related Environmental sciences
Geodynamics and mineral resources
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The Rungwe Volcanic Province extends between the Rukwa and Nyasa (Malawi) rift lakes, which both experienced marked water level fluctuations during the last 40 ka. The infilling of water reservoirs, whether artificial or natural, is known to be able to trigger earthquakes and volcanism. In the southwestern Highlands of Tanzania and especially in the Rungwe Volcanic Province, where the western and eastern branches of the East African Rift System meet, a similar link is highlighted. Compilation of available data supplemented by new observations allows investigating the time relations between (1) climatically-induced, rapid water level fluctuations in the surrounding rift lakes, (2) tectonic activation of the fault systems that extend from the lacustrine depressions to the volcanic area, and (3) deposition of tephra layers in soils and sediments. The latter are considered to reflect the frequency and/or magnitude of explosive eruptions in the Rungwe massif. According to these data, a connexion is suggested between the great lakes level change, tectonics, and volcanic activity for the last glacial-interglacial transition (14-11.5 cal. ka BP), and possibly also during the Holocene.
CitationDelvaux, D.; Williamson, D. (2008). Interactions between Great Lakes level change, Tectonics and Volcanism in the Rungwe Volcanic Province, SW Highlands of Tanzania. , Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer, Bruxelles, Bulletin des Séances, Vol. 54(4), 577-600, ISSN: 0001-4176,