Experimental and theoretical studies of the C2F4 + O reaction: Nonadiabatic reaction mechanism
Carbon inorganic compounds
Molecular beam-threshold ionization mass spectrometry (MB-TIMS)
Multiwell multichannel reactions
Nonadiabatic reaction mechanisms
Potential energy surfaces
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In this work, the C2F4(X1Ag) + O(3P) reaction was investigated experimentally using molecular beam-threshold ionization mass spectrometry (MB-TIMS). The major primary products were observed to be CF2O (+ CF2) and CF 3 (+ CFO), with measured approximate yields of 84-11 +7% versus 16-7 +11%, respectively, neglecting minor products. Furthermore, the lowest-lying triplet and singlet potential energy surfaces for this reaction were constructed theoretically using B3LYP, G2M(UCC, MP2), CBS-QB3, and G3 methods in combination with various basis sets such as 6-31G(d), 6-31l+G(3df), and cc-pVDZ. The primary product distribution for the multiwell multichannel reaction was then determined by RRKM statistical rate theory and weak-collision master equation analysis. It was found that the observed production of CF3 (+ CFO) can only occur on the singlet surface, in parallel with formation of ca. 5 times more CF2O(X) + CF2(X1A1). This requires fast intersystem crossing (ISC) from the triplet to the singlet surface at a rate of ca. 4 × 1012 s-1. The theoretical calculations combined with the experimental results thus indicate that the yield of triplet CF 2(ã3B1 + CF2O formed on the triplet surface prior to ISC is ≤35%, whereas singlet CF2(X 1A1) + CF2O is produced with yield ≥60%, after ISC. In addition, the thermal rate coefficients k(O + C2F 4) in the T = 150-1500 K range were computed using multistate transition state theory and can be expressed as k(T) = 1.67 × 10 -16 × T1.48 cm3 molecule-1 s-1; they are in agreement with the available experimental results in the T = 298-500 K range.
CitationNguyen, T.L.; Dils, B.; Carl, S.A.; Vereecken, L.; Peeters, J. (2005). Experimental and theoretical studies of the C2F4 + O reaction: Nonadiabatic reaction mechanism. , Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 109, Issue 43, 9786-9794, DOI: 10.1021/jp053585y.