Dear user, changes will soon be made to Orfeo. We will undertake the migration to a new version, another environment (and therefore a new URL: https://orfeo.belnet.be/) and another provider. Belnet will take over the management of Orfeo in the future. For you, this means that no changes, modifications or uploads can be made to the database Orfeo from the 1st of December 2021 to the 10th of December 2021. The database remains available for consultation. From the 10th of December 2021 onwards, you can reach Orfeo via the new url https://orfeo.belenet.be/. Our apologies for the inconvenience.
Evaluation and optimization of ICOS atmospheric station data as part of the labeling process
|dc.description||The Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) is a pan-European research infrastructure which provides harmonized and high-precision scientific data on the carbon cycle and the greenhouse gas budget. All stations have to undergo a rigorous assessment before being labeled, i.e., receiving approval to join the network. In this paper, we present the labeling process for the ICOS atmosphere network through the 23 stations that were labeled between November 2017 and November 2019. We describe the labeling steps, as well as the quality controls, used to verify that the ICOS data (CO2, CH4, CO and meteorological measurements) attain the expected quality level defined within ICOS. To ensure the quality of the greenhouse gas data, three to four calibration gases and two target gases are measured: one target two to three times a day, the other gases twice a month. The data are verified on a weekly basis, and tests on the station sampling lines are performed twice a year. From these high-quality data, we conclude that regular calibrations of the CO2, CH4 and CO analyzers used here (twice a month) are important in particular for carbon monoxide (CO) due to the analyzer's variability and that reducing the number of calibration injections (from four to three) in a calibration sequence is possible, saving gas and extending the calibration gas lifespan. We also show that currently, the on-site water vapor correction test does not deliver quantitative results possibly due to environmental factors. Thus the use of a drying system is strongly recommended. Finally, the mandatory regular intake line tests are shown to be useful in detecting artifacts and leaks, as shown here via three different examples at the stations.|
|dc.title||Evaluation and optimization of ICOS atmospheric station data as part of the labeling process|
|dc.subject.frascati||Earth and related Environmental sciences|
|dc.source.title||Atmospheric Measurement Techniques|